Al Thuqaibah is a settlement of the Iron Age, located nearly 20 kilometers south of Dhaid at the southern extreme of the Al-Madam oasis. Geomorphology of the area indicates that the water table supplies the oasis and its cultures and wells. The surrounding Jebe al Buhais, Aqba and al-Emeilah, shelter the oasis and protect it from the desert sand. Despite the torrid climate of the region and its scarce rains, the springs of Jebel Buhais (BHS 18) and the water in the plain which flows through its wells and aflaj have enabled human life to flourish in the area. In 1988 the Sharjah Archaeology Authority excavated an exceptionally well preserved Iron Age (1300-300BC) mudbrick house close to al- Thuqaibah village. A subsequent French archaeological campaign in Sharjah documented fifty four archaeological sites dating to different ages. A later French-Spanish campaign in 1994, followed by a collaborative effort between the Universidad Autonoma of Madrid and the Sharjah Archaeology Authority uncovered an extensive Iron Age II (1000-600 BC) settlement. This has provided data of exceptional interest related to the ancient history of the Arabian Emirates.