KALBA

The city of Kalba is situated on the eastern coast of the Emirate of Sharjah along the Gulf of Oman. It enjoys many interesting features in terms of environment and archaeology. Most interesting is Khor Kalba which represents the oldest mangrove forest in this part of South Eastern Arabia. It is a natural habitat of flora and fauna in the area and today is an attractive tourist site as well as an important economic source.

Several archaeological sites have been discovered during several campaigns of archaeological excavations. Shell middens with chipped stone industry datable to the fourth millennium BC are present in the Sabkha area. Tombs are represented by a variety of types dating to different historical periods. Of special interest are subterranean tombs dated to the third and the second millennium BC that have produced important finds.

Cluster_archaeological_cairns
Map_UAE_showing_location_Kalba

A major and important multi-period site was discovered inside the date farming area. This contains a large settlement that represents over 2000 years of occupation from as early as 2500 BC. A very large defensive wall was constructed around the settlement by 1300 BC. Evidence for the production of pottery, stone and metal items, was found. The pottery indicates contacts with ancient Iraq and the northern Gulf as well as Iran and Pakistan. There is also abundant evidence that reflects the economy of the ancient inhabitants. It shows that in addition to keeping domesticated animals such as sheep, goat, cattle and camels, the inhabitants also exploited the rich marine fauna, comprising of fish, turtles, dolphins and dugongs.

A large cemetery in Al- Traif area was found containing a funerary stone platform incorporating a number of graves with skeletons and offering items. Clusters of other tombs belong to Hellenistic period were also present in the cemetery.

Rock arts are abundant and clearly visible on rock faces at Khatmat Malaha. The repertoire of images represented consists of animal and human forms. There incisions were executed in different styles.

A tower of heritage interest was erected within a walled enclosure on the top of a low hill at the village of Al-Ghayl. Another monument of heritage interest is the Fort of Kalba dated to the beginning of the 17th Century.

VISITING THE SITE

This site is open and accessible to the public however we currently do not have any interpretation material available at the site for visitors.