A Strategic Port in History
The modern city of Khor Fakkan belongs to the Emirate of Sharjah, situated about 100km. to the east of the city of Sharjah. It occupies a direct strategic location on the eastern coast overlooking the Gulf of Oman. The most prominent feature of the city is the port of Khor Fakkan which is the hub of an international trade and an active economic centre.
Various archaeological campaigns have taken place in the city over the last decade. These resulted in revealing significant discoveries which emphasise the importance of the city throughout the ancient history of the area.
A large settlement dating to the second millennium B.C was unearthed in 1995. The settlement occupies the slopes of three adjacent mountains in close proximity to the sea. The inhabitants have prepared stepped platforms on the slopes of the Jebels in order to facilitate building their houses. The houses had been constructed with locally available stones and largely consisted of rectangular shaped rooms. It is likely that these were roofed with timber or tree branches placed over wooden posts or tree trunks as indicated by the presence of post holes found in various places around the houses. A variety of materials such as pottery. soft stone vessels, grinding stones and fishing tools were found throughout the buildings.